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How To Write A Research Proposal For A Dissertation Or Thesis (With Examples)

Hey guys, welcome to another episode of Grad Coach TV, where we demystify the

ivory tower world of academia and show you how to work smart and earn the big

marks! In this video we're going to be looking at how to write up a research

proposal, whether that's for a thesis or a dissertation at undergraduate, masters

PhD level. Whatever level, we're going to be looking at how to write up a solid

research proposal. Now this video is based on a chapter from our free

dissertation ebook, which you can download at the Grad Coach website. I'll

share the link to that below this video. So without any delay let's get

right into it. Now, before we jump into how to write a research proposal, it's

important for us to take a step back and ask the bigger question of why. In other

words, what is the purpose, what is the function of a research proposal? If you

understand the why, then the how and the what everything becomes a lot clearer, a

lot simpler to execute on. So what is the function of the research proposal?

Quite simply, it's to communicate, in a very clear and concise way, to

communicate what your research is all about and convince the reader, whoever

they might be, convince them that they should approve

the research. Now convincing is the key word here. If you don't have a convincing

proposal, you don't really have any chance of getting approved. So what do

you need to convince the reader of? Obviously I can't speak for every

university, but I can't say there are a few common things that they're looking

for. So there are at least three things that you need to convince the reader of.

Number one - you need to convince them that your research focus is clearly

articulated. In other words, is it crystal crystal clear what exactly you're going

to be researching? What are your research questions? Where will you be focusing?

What will you be covering? What will you not be covering? So you need to

communicate that you know exactly what it is that you're going to be focusing

on. The second thing that you need to convince them of is that your research

is well justified. In other words, are you filling a gap in the

research, or are you just doing the same thing that everyone else has done? Does

your research have clear justification in terms of originality? Is it something new

or at least is it something within a new context and importantly, is it something

that is worth figuring out? If your research questions are answered, are they

going to add some value to the body of knowledge to to whatever industry that

you're working in? So that's another important requirement. The third thing

that you need to convince them of is that your research is doable. Now what I

mean by doable is that you can execute on this research within the constraints

that you have. Constraints such as time, constraints such as money, constraints

such as your own research skills. So you need to show them that not only is this

research worth doing, but you are the right man or woman for the job and that

this is very doable within the time frame. Even the best research ideas

won't be approved if they're not achievable, if they're not plausible

within your context. So make sure that you're convincing on that front as well.

If you're not convincing the reader on at least these three criteria, your

chances of getting approved are really really slim. So give some thought to

these three things. If you can't answer these these questions, if you can't hit

back with responses on these three points at this at this stage, you might

want to just go back and think a little bit more about what exactly you're going

to be doing and whether that's doable and whether it's worth doing before you

start writing a research proposal. Otherwise you're just going to be

wasting time. So make sure you cover those three bases. Right, now that we've

covered the why, let's move on to how to write a solid research proposal for your

dissertation or thesis.

So I'm going to explain how to write a dissertation or thesis proposal by

looking at the essential components - the the essential ingredients if we can - of a

solid research proposal. Now it's important to note that there are variances between

schools and some schools might want a little extra, so make sure that while you take

in whatever is covered in this video, make sure that your consulting whatever

brief, or whatever workshop notes, or whatever your university has provided, so

that you are 100% aware of exactly what they expect in the research proposal.

Right, so enough about that. Let's have a look at the essential ingredients of a

rock-solid research proposal. Ingredient number one is a provisional title or a

working title. Provisional is the key word here,

because this is something that might change, probably will change as you work

through your dissertation or thesis or research project. So don't get too stuck

up in conjuring up the perfect research title at this point in time, but

nevertheless give it some thought. So what makes for a good research title? A

good research title should convey the essence of what exactly you're going to

be focusing on, as concisely as possible. So let's take a look at an example - an

example here is: a quantitative study into the drivers of consumer trust in

Robo advisors: a British context. Within 15 words here this title clearly

communicates a few things. The first thing it communicates is the broad topic

of consumer trust. So we already have an idea - this topic or this

dissertation or thesis is broadly about consumer trust. It fits within that

category. The next thing that it communicates is the focal topic. So it

narrows down the focus to the drivers of consumer trust in online Robo

advisors. So now we're narrowing that down to a specific industry. It also sets

the context. So it's very clear from this title that this is within a British

context within the UK and another thing that it sets is that it's online. Robo

advisors are online products and so we already know that now we are talking

about a British context and an online environment, which is is naturally quite

different from an offline environment. The last thing that it communicates

is the methodology - or at least it gives a hint as to the research design - and

that is quantitative. In other words this is going to be a study that hinges on

numbers, that hinges on statistics, on some sort of statistical analysis. So

that's a good example of a research title that conveys quite a bit in 15

words or so. Now it's important to state here that your university might have

some limitations in terms of how long a title should be. They might even have

their own convention - so make sure that you check in and that you check your

notes, check your your workshop notes, your study guide, etc. Make sure that

you're not missing some specific requirements in terms of your university.

But as I say don't get too wrapped up in terms of working title, because it is

just something to put down in the interim. Of course, whoever is going

to approve your your research proposal is not going to just look at the working

title and make a decision on that, so don't get too stuck in it. You might

want to take this example as a nice way of laying out - as a nice nomenclature for

a title. Alright, let's get on to the next ingredient of a solid dissertation or

thesis proposal. The second ingredient of a solid research proposal is an

introduction and a research problem. These might take the form of chapters or

just sections, depending on whatever format your university prefers - but you

definitely need to include both of them. So how do you go about writing up this

section? The first thing that you need to do is you need to provide a broad view

of the topic and the context that you're

looking at. In other words introduce the reader to the broader topic. For example

consumer trust, in the in the previous example that I gave you. You're going to

provide a broad overview of the topic, introduce key terminology, introduce any

jargon, and introduce anything that's required for the reader to wrap their

head around the big picture of whatever you're going to be focusing on. Once

you've done that, you then need to narrow it down to your specific focus. In other

words, what exactly are you going to be researching, what are you going to be

sinking your teeth into in your dissertation or thesis? What's really

important here is to not just get stuck in the what, but to also focus on the why.

In fact, the why is arguably even more important. In other words, how is your

dissertation or your your thesis topic justified? What is the gap in

the research that you're going to be filling? For example, you might argue that

there is a wealth of existing research on topic X, but that that topic has not

been covered in your specific country or within your specific industry. And within

your specific country, within your specific industry, there's reason that

the existing research might not be applicable. It might be down to

cultural components, it might be down to regulatory components, but if you're

going to make an argument that there is a wealth of existing research but it

doesn't necessarily apply in industry X or country X, then make sure that you

justify why that is. Another angle that you might take is that there is a wealth

of research on topic X already and that that was done quite some time ago and

the context has changed quite significantly. So we live in a world

where there is just consistent change, a lot of which is driven by

technology - and that might have some impact on whatever topic you're looking

at and you might say, well, times have changed and therefore we need to revisit

this topic we need to to reassess the validity

of the state of research there, because there are these new variables that

potentially throw things into a new state. Another argument that you might

make is that the existing research has methodological limitations. Now this

would require that you have a pretty solid understanding of of research

design, so be careful with this one.

You might argue that existing research

is lacking in terms of sampling. You might argue that it's lacking in terms

of the approach that was taken - qualitative or quantitative. Lacking in

some way. So again, you would justify that your research is warranted, that it's

worth doing because of some sort of methodological limitation. Whichever way

you go, and I'm just presenting a few, justifications - but whichever way you go,

make sure that you really focus on both the what (in other words what are you

going to be researching) and the why (why is it important that this gets

researched - why is it that this hasn't been done before in other words how are

you going to be original). So make sure that you cover both the what and the why

in this section of introduction and research problem. Right once you've

narrowed down that topic and you got that down into your introduction section

the next thing the next logical thing that you need to include there is your

research aims and your research questions. So let's take a look at what

an example of that might look like. Following from the previous example,

we had about consumer trust. Research aims might look something like this.

Your research aim might be: to identify the key factors that influence UK

consumers trust in Robo advisors and how these factors vary between demographic

groups. So it's just a clear line indicating what your research aims are.

Your research questions would then echo that, so you might have two research

questions. Number one what are the main antecedents or the the main drivers of

consumer trust in Robo advisors in the UK and your second question might be how

does this vary between demographic groups. What you can see there's is a

very tight link between the research aims and the research questions.

Essentially they're presenting the same thing in a different format. The last

thing you need to cover in this in this introduction section is scope. Scope

is is essentially just creating a boundary, just creating a ring-fence to

say this is what I'm going to cover and this is what I'm not going to cover.

Obviously any topic that you look at, it's going to be a rabbit hole -

you can go on and on and on and on you can connect a to B to C to D and very

quickly your research can become very unfocused, can become very diluted. So the

scope section here is just an opportunity for you to say that I am

aware that these connections exist, that this links to that links to that, but

this research is going to focus on just this piece over here - and this is why

it's going to focus on this piece. Quite simply the

justification is that you need to go deep within a dissertation or thesis. You

need to narrow your focus and you need to do one thing really well. Don't feel

the need to solve the world's problems. Don't feel the need to create a life's

work. This is a dissertation or a thesis and going deep, going narrow is what it's

all about. So don't be afraid to ring-fence don't be afraid to cut the

the non focus out because it's completely acceptable and in fact it's

expected. Right let's move on to the next ingredient. The third essential

ingredient of a winning dissertation or thesis proposal is the literature review.

Now that you've covered in your introduction chapter or in your

introduction section, now that you've covered what it is that that you're

going to be focusing your research on, the literature review is your

opportunity to delve into and to provide a synthesis of all the existing

research in relation to your research aims. So, what you're doing here is

presenting a clear narrative, a clear discussion of what the existing research

says in relation to your research aims and to your research objectives. Now I'm

not going to go into depth about how to full of a literature review - we've got a

separate video on that and I'll include the link to that below this video, but I

will just quickly speak about the why. If you understand the why, then the actual

what of pulling off a literature review is much simpler. So what is the why, what

are the three important functions of a literature review, or at least my three

important functions of a literature review. So, the first thing that you

need to demonstrate in your literature review is that you are very familiar and

you understand the current state of the research. You can't take on, within an

academic world you certainly, can't take on any sort of research without really

understanding what's already been done. So the first function of the

literature review is for you to show that you've done your reading, that

you've done your homework and that you know exactly what's been done, who said

what, how it all fits together. That is very important. The second function

of the literature review is to demonstrate the gap. So, just as I

mentioned in your your introduction, how you're going to be talking about your

gap you're going to build onto that here, or potentially rehash on that a little

bit and show how there is a genuine need for the research that you're going to be

doing. So, it plays into the justification of your research. You need to show that

you've done the reading and you found the gap. That you found the the missing piece,

or one of the many many missing pieces, in terms of the existing research. The

third function of the literature review is to inform any sort of methodological

decision making. When it comes to your research design, whether you're

going to do qualitative or quantitative, that should be informed at least in part

by the existing research. In other words, what have people done in the

past? How are they, how other researchers have, other authors approach this? You

might build on that, or you might say, well therein lies the problem.

Regardless, you want to be paying attention to the methodological

approaches of previous researchers in your space and you want to be showing

that you are aware of what they've done. Also

you might be able to borrow from the existing research. Very often, at least

with quantitative studies, very often they will publish their question sets,

they'll publish the the scales, etc. and these have had a lot of work that

has already gone into them and you can make use of them without having to go

and design your own. Or of course you could build onto them. So it's

important to understand those three components, or at least those three

objectives of a good literature review, because those will ensure that you write

something that is touching on all the essential requirements. One thing to be

really careful about when you are writing up this literature review

section is that you don't fall into the trap of descriptive writing. In other

words, it's it's very easy to go and write up a literature review which is

basically just a history of what everyone has said. That is not what

a good literature review is about. What a good literal view is about is

synthesizing what everyone has said in relation to whatever your research

questions are. So if your research questions are, let's just take the

previous example, if you're looking into the drivers, the antecedents of

consumer trust, what you want to be looking for in a literature review is to

flesh out the drivers that people have previously found in the

research. Which ones of these are agreed on, which of these are disagreed

on? Where is there some contention? How has that developed over time? How is it

potentially relevant or irrelevant? How is it creating a gap in the research for

for my specific research? so you want to be providing a synthesis of everything

that's been said - not just a pure account of it. Your writing needs to be

analytical, not just descriptive. We do have a great post on the Grad Coach

blog which provides a good breakdown of a comparison between analytical writing

and descriptive writing - and that is a great way of sort of assessing where you

where you fit in terms your writing. Assessing whether or not

you you're playing too much to one side or the other. Again I'll include a

link to that below this video. Regardless of whether you look at that

or not, keep in mind the trap of descriptive writing. Do not just provide

an account of what everyone said. You need to pull that back to how is it

relevant to my literature, or rather to my research question? How is it a

potential answer? How is it a potential problem in light of my research

questions and my aims? So bring everything back, bring it together,

synthesize everything and and tie it back to your specific research. Don't

just provide a descriptive account of what everyone said. Right, so that's the

literature review component or ingredient covered. Let's have a look at

the next essential ingredient. The fourth essential ingredient of a winning

dissertation proposal or thesis proposal is the research design (or sometimes

referred to as the methodology). So far in your research proposal you've

covered the what and you've covered the why. What exactly are you going to be

focusing on and why is that important? Why is that original? And in your

literature review you expanded on that to see what else other people had to say

about your what what. What you haven't covered so far is the how - in other words

how are you going to be approaching this research? How are you going to be

executing on it to identify or least try to identify the answers to your

research questions? That is what the research design or the methodology

chapter is all about. Explaining in detail how you're going to be

approaching this and and why you've decided to approach it in the way that

you have. Now much like the working title, methodology and your specific approach

might change as you sink your teeth into your dissertation. You

might find that you end up doing, if you were going a quantitative approach,

you might find that you end up doing a slightly different set of analysis

depending on the outcomes of the data etc. So don't get too hung up in

specifying, or thinking that whatever you put down on paper here, you

are committed to. Obviously you wouldn't want to switch drastically - you wouldn't

want to go from say a quant study to a qual study, although I have seen that

happen - but you don't need to feel like if you write here that you're going to

do analysis X, Y and Z, three different types of statistical analysis you don't need

to feel like it's gonna be the end of the world if you if you don't stick 100%

to those. Very often the data comes out in a different way from from what we

expected. For example, perhaps a little statistical, but you might expect to have

a normal distribution of data and you end up with non-normal distribution and

therefore you need to apply a different set of analyses. Don't don't stress

out if none of this makes since just yet - the important thing to understand is

that the methodology is is somewhat tentative. Don't get too wrapped up in

fearing that you're ultra committed once you put it down. In

terms of discussing the how of your research design, there are a few things

that you'll need to look at. So let's take a look at what those are. The first

thing you want to look at is your research philosophy. In other words are

you taking an interpretivist approach are you in taking an empirical approach

etc. You want to cover that up front. The second thing you want to look at is your

methodological approach. In other words is it a qualitative study, is it a

quantitative study, or you perhaps going to go a mixed method route, where you

incorporate a bit of both. You want to have a look at that. Your sampling is

really important. In other words, who will your sample be, who will you be

collecting data from, how many people will you be speaking to,

what sample do they represent in terms of their generalizability, etc? Another

important point is what data you plan to collect. Data about what? in what form are

you going to be collecting that data? How do you plan to collect it? Are you going

to be using surveys or are you're going to be using interviews or you're going to

be holding focus groups? Then very importantly how do you plan to analyze

it? So if you're taking a quantitative approach, are you going to

perhaps use regression analysis? Are you going to use structural equation

modeling? Are you going to, in a qualitative environment, are you going to

be using thematic analysis or QDA? These are all potential design choices that

you need to make and most importantly, not just discuss what you will be doing,

in other words what you'll be choosing for each of these variables, but why

you've chosen. In other words, what your justification? Throughout

your proposal you need to justify everything. You need to explain why it is

that you've chosen to go this route and not that route. Remember that your

dissertation or thesis is assessing research skills. It's assessing

whether or not you can undertake rigorous research - so they want to

see when you are proposing that you're going to cover X and you're going to do

it in this way, they want to see that you understand why - that you understand why

those are the appropriate choices. Now to be fair, depending on

your level of research, your research design choices your methodological

choices might be more constrained by practical issues - in other words who do

you have access to? What data do you have access to? - as opposed to

methodological research design theory. Regardless, whatever your

constraints are, whatever the reasons are for you choosing whichever way you go,

make sure that you clarify not just what you're going to do and how you're going

to do it, but why you're going to do or why you're planning to do it that way.

Include the justification in everything.

It's worth saying that if you're not 100% certain about your methodology. If

you're not 100% certain about your research design, it makes sense to

consult with someone who does know more than you do. Hopefully is an expert

in the space. So it might be someone at your university, it might be someone that

you know in your private capacity. You could certainly reach out to one of us

here Grad Coach, but consult with someone

who is certain. Someone who does understand

whatever methodological approach you you're going to use. Because if you

make any mistakes here, they will get spotted very quickly and and best case

they still approve your research and just give you a feedback that you need

to change X, Y and Z. But worst case, if you don't really understand what you're

doing here, you might be proposing something that isn't really achievable

given your skill set. You might be committing to something which is far

bigger than then you originally anticipated, that's not doable with

the data that you have. You can create some significant problems down the road

once you've already been approved that you're not even aware of. So my

advice is just make sure that whatever you're putting down in your methodology

section, whatever you're putting down in the research design section, make sure

that you fully understand what you're doing. Don't just use what big words

and technical words that you don't fully understand. Consult with someone who

does know what they're doing. That will save you a lot of pain down the

road. Of course you can have a free consultation with any of our research

specialists here at Grad Coach. I'll include the link to that below this video. Right

let's move on to the next ingredient.

ingredient number five of a winning dissertation or thesis research proposal

is the reference list. Now this might go without saying, but being an academic

document you need to have a 100% on point reference list at the end of your

research proposal. You might get away with with slightly shoddy referencing in

in assignments or coursework, but as I said, what they're looking for in a

dissertation or in a thesis and and specifically in the proposal, is

for you to demonstrate research skills - and one of those research skills

in an academic environment is technically correct referencing. So make

sure that you understand exactly what the referencing requirements are from

your school, for example Harvard or APA format what whatever specific format

they require, and then use some sort of referencing

software - whether that's Mendeley or Zotero or EndNote, Refworks - whatever the

case might be, use some software to take care of that. Certainly don't try and

handle referencing in any manual fashion - it might sound like that's pretty

obvious, but you'll be surprised what I've seen in some dissertations and

theses. So make sure that you're referencing is 100% on point. Make use of

some referencing software. We've got how to videos on both

Mendeley and Zotero. I'm quite a big fan of Mendeley - I'll include the links

to those below this video. One point to make about this reference section is

that you shouldn't fall into the trap of thinking that your references and

referencing only happens in the literature review section. Your

referencing should happen pretty much throughout all the sections that we've

discussed. So in your introduction you'll be speaking about context you'll be

speaking about the theoretical need for your research. Make sure that you have

tons of references there. In your methodological section, you're going to

be talking about what you've decided to do in terms of methods, what

you've decided to do in terms of research design. Again those decisions

need to be backed up with some sort of justification and those justifications

should be built on some theory. So you should have references, you should have

citations. Make sure that you have a flow of citations throughout the document and

therefore a solid reference list in your research proposal. Don't let these

things only sit in the literature review section. Right, so that's referencing.

Let's get on to the final ingredient and that is ingredient number six. Ingredient

number six is practicalities. Practicalities can can be a few

different things that can vary from school to school, university to

university. For practicalities, I'm bundling a few different things into

ingredient number six. Essentially we're talking about anything that relates to

the practical components, the implementation,

the pulling off of your research project. Some of the things that you

might look at here are, for example, a project plan. This might be something

like a Gantt chart or some sort of project plan, whether that's just in

Excel or any sort of project planning software. A clear outline of what is it

that you're going to do through the various phases of your research. How are

you going to do it, how much time are you going to spend on X, how much time you're going

to spend on Y, what buffers have you put in, have you allowed for communication

with your supervisor or adviser? Basically just showing that you have

given clear thought to how you're going to pull this thing off and that your

plan is is reasonable and achievable within the time that you have. So a

project plan is something that you might have a look at here. Another component is

a resource plan or a budget. Not every piece of research will necessarily

require additional resources, but some some pieces of research will require a

budget, will require some sort of financial resources and some of them

might require physical resources such as lab equipment. Or you might need access

to two rooms to have focus groups etc. So, again, what you want to show hereis that

you've given thought to what it is that you need in order to pull off your research

and how you're going to get that and and potentially what you're going to do if

you can't get that. What are your backup plans? Another thing that you might want

to look at here or you might be required to look at here is risk management. Sso as

as I've just mentioned you'll have a need for resources, you'll have a

need for for budgetary requirements, potentially you'll have a project plan

that you're working with. All of these things are ideals. They're there if

everything goes right - but that's not how it works in the real world. So you want

to potentially present a risk management plan, or at least just a risk register to

show that you are aware of what the potential risks are, the potential things

that could fall through and and most importantly what are your plans

if if those do fall through. What are your responses to the potential risks in

your instance? Give some thought to how things might not go according to

plan and what you'll do in those in those events. A final thing that might be

required is some sort of discussion about ethical adherence. Universities

always have ethical standards or ethical compliance requirements in terms of any

research that's done under their banner and so you should provide some

discussion of how your research will comply with with those ethical

guidelines or ethical requirements - and and if there are any potential issues

how you're going to deal with them, how you're going to seek approval for

any specific requirements. So make sure that you cover those potential bases in

in terms of of the practicalities of your research. So those are the six

essential ingredients of how to write a winning dissertation or thesis proposal.

Before we wrap up I just want to touch on three additional tips that are useful

to keep in mind when you are writing up your proposal. The first thing I'll say

is make sure that you have really thought things through. In other words,

make sure that you have undertaken the homework in terms of research literature

review, understanding what is the state of the research, understanding where are

things currently, what is the need for the research? Make sure that you really

have spent your time and have a very clear argument for why

your research is necessary. If you haven't spent your time in the

literature review stage, if you haven't spent your time familiarizing yourself

with the literature, it's very easy to get caught out by a supervisor or an

adviser that knows the area and will very quickly say "oh but so-and-so

already covered this" or "your arguments invalid because this was already

discussed". So you really need to know your

stuff in terms of the literature. If you're covering a topic, make sure you

understand that topic well before you start making claims about where the gaps

in the literature are and and how your research is warranted. Make sure that you

understand those components and the same applies for your research methodology,

for your research design. I touched on this earlier - make sure you understand

the methodology that you plan to use. Don't take a half-baked idea or

half-baked understanding and trial it without a methodological plan or a

research design. Know your stuff. The second tip is don't rush. So this sounds

pretty obvious, but it's important to say. Research proposals usually take some

time to get approved and that can be anything from a few days to a few weeks

and not uncommonly a month to get approval on research because the

university needs to allocate it to suitable supervisors, etc.

So there is a long lead time in terms of getting your research approved

and students tend to rush through this process and then they don't know their

stuff (as per my previous point) and then they end up submitting something, waiting

a month and then getting a no. This is (1) soul-destroying and (2) putting a

serious delay on completion of the dissertation - it can leave you with

very little time to actually complete the research. Naturally,

we live in a world of deadlines and and you need to adhere to those, but don't

rush through this thing. Take the time to really understand the state of the

literature and really understand what it is that you're proposing. Very often

students come with a preconceived idea of what they want to research without

having done the the literature review. They end up rushing through it just

kind of picking up the pieces of the literature that support the argument.

They rush through because they have an idea that they're already in love with

and they really just want to get a a research proposal approved. Then of

course that that falls on its face. So don't rush - take the time to

understand the literature. Take the time to understand whatever research design

you're gonna do or consult with someone that can really confirm that

for you and and don't rush through this thing. Put in the time and effort and aim

for first-time approval rather than pushing a half-baked thing through and

then getting pushed back on that - and then having to go back and forth back

and forth until you finally get approval and then land up with a very small

amount of time to to actually do your dissertation or thesis. The last tip is

that you should ensure that whatever you submit is well polished. What I mean

by well polished is apart from everything I've just discussed, make sure

that your entire product is is well designed that it's clean and

and accurate in terms of English language, in terms of grammar, in terms of

presenting clear lines of argument, etc. I would really suggest that you invest in

some sort of editing or proofreading or at least just get someone else to - just

a friend - to proofread your work. But make sure that you are not submitting

something that has typos, that has grammar issues, that has a weak English

because there is just nothing more off-putting to to to a marker than

reading a document that's full of those errors. What it just says is the

student hasn't really put in the time and the effort and and therefore

it sends signals about how much time and effort they put into

actually understanding the research proposal, or understanding the research

problem, understanding the literature etc etc. So sloppy presentation brings into

question the credibility and the legitimacy of everything else you've

done. So my final tip is make sure your document is polished. You might

want to, if you have the resources, you might want to get someone to edit

and to proofread it and pay them for it. Or you might just want to ask a friend

for a favor. Generally any set of second eyes will spot things that you didn't spot.

So you might not have a perfect document, but you'll definitely have

something improved. There you have it how to write a dissertation or thesis

proposal in six pretty straightforward steps, or at least six essential

ingredients. As I said right upfront, make sure that you understand the why of the

research proposal. Make sure you understand what you're trying to

convince the person on the other end of. If you if you keep that front of mind,

you're going to present or you're going to develop a solid research proposal and

you're going to have the best chances of first-time approval. If you have any

questions about how to write a research proposal for your dissertation or thesis,

you're welcome to drop us an email hello@grad.coach. I'll include that email

address in this video, or below this video. You're also welcome to book a free

consultation with any of our PhD qualified research specialists and you

can have a chat with them about your research topic your research questions

etc. Hopefully they can provide you with with some guidance there - free of

charge, no obligation. Lastly if you've enjoyed this video, please do give us a

thumbs up, leave a comment below. If you have any questions you're welcome to

comment below as well and subscribe to our YouTube channel for more

dissertation thesis related content. We will be doing additional videos on how

to write a research proposal, how to write a literature review, all of these

components that will hopefully help you write your research and help you pull

off a great piece of work. So we do hope to see you again - that's all for today -

this is Grad Coach signing out.