How to Write an Abstract Step-by-Step (With Easy Examples)


well pardon me but we're gonna be a

little abstract on this one here are 10

tips on how to write an abstract writing

an academic paper can take months of

hard work and a whole lot of spent

nerves once it's finally done and you're

ready to submit it to a journal take

part in a conference or complete your

master's thesis or PhD dissertation

you'll also need to create an abstract

of your paper

since this writing summarizes and

represent your work you'll want it to be

picture-perfect right well lucky for you

we put together some tips on writing the

best abstract so pay close attention now

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number one find out the requirements now

an abstract isn't an essay or some blog

post where your imagination can run wild

whether you're writing it to apply to a

conference grant journal publication or

work project find out if there are any

specific requirements regarding its

length and style in case the rubric or

guidelines you received set a word count

limit stick to it this is exactly the

case when there can be too much of a

good thing and even the most beautifully

written abstract will be either rejected

or cut down severely the typical word

limit for an abstract is 150 to 200

words but you still need to find out

your specific criteria number two pick

the right type when it comes to abstract

types you have two options to choose


descriptive versus informative normally

descriptive abstracts are written for

shorter papers and informative ones for

longer more technical pieces it's better

to find out which type is required for

your specific writing both types

basically serve the same purpose of

summing up your work but have different


so you don't want to choose the wrong

type and end up leaving out really

important points descriptive abstracts

as you can probably tell by the name

briefly describe the work done without

drawing any conclusions or mentioning

the results of your research they

briefly mention the purpose methods and

scope of the research normally in no

more than 100 words informative

abstracts are more frequently required

than descriptive ones they go further

than just describing your work they talk

about the results and conclusions you've

reached in addition to all the

components of a descriptive abstract

purpose methods and skull so it comes as

no surprise that informative abstracts

are usually longer than the other type

but still they're normally no more than

10% of the whole research project you

might also come across a third type

critical abstracts they're not that

popular but if you have to provide one

you should know it requires relating and

maybe critiquing the abstracted work to

the writers on research number three

consider your readers an important

question to ask yourself before you

start writing an abstract is who's gonna

read it fellow scholars from the same

research field will easily get the ideas

and special terminology you use while

average readers or people from another

scientific field probably won't grasp

complicated concepts consider your

audience and adapt your writing in such

a way that readers will easily be able

to get the main idea of your work a lot

of people glanced through scientific

journals looking for content that might

be useful for them to so help make that

process a little less daunting for them

number four explain the importance of

your research as you get down to

actually writing the abstract there are

four key points you want to hit when

explaining the importance of your

research to your readers why you decided

to conduct this research in the first

place why it matters to you and could

matter to others how the research went

and what results it brought and finally

why others should spend their time and

effort reading your entire work number


explain the problem and your methods

it's really important to define the

scope of your research does it solve

some general problem or a more specific

issue also it's imperative that your

research has a key claim or argument

which is definitely worth mentioning in

the abstract you should also talk about

the sources you've used your approach to

the research and the evidence you can

provide to support your arguments in

other words you have to explain your

research methods number six

avoid copy pasting I know you're a proud

bonafide researcher but even that

doesn't mean you can simply copy paste

whole lines from your personal project

to build an abstract it should be an

independent piece of writing and not a

collage of disconnected paraphrase

sentences make it beautiful and

intriguing write it from scratch in such

a way that it'll grab the reader's

attention and make them want to read

your entire paper using new vocabulary

and phrase structure will help you avoid

redundancy don't get carried away though

and don't quote other works or studies

that aren't mentioned in your paper this

is not the situation where you can hook

the reader by misleading them also don't

give any explanations or definitions in

the abstract you don't want to be too

detailed with your overview number seven

keep it well structured and logical no

matter how short it has to be your

abstract should be built according to

usual essay model and have an

introduction body and conclusion

remember it's not just about what you

write but also the order you put it in

keep it logical and concise say exactly

what you want to say without any

ambiguity or double entendres don't use

any acronyms or abbreviations your word

cut limit probably won't allow you to

explain them anyway tables graphs

sources and long quotes don't belong in

your abstract for the same reason brief

yet informative is what you're aiming

for number eight include key phrases and

words you're probably well aware of how

an internet search works you type in

whatever you're looking for and the

smart system finds millions of results

for you if you want your prospective

readers to be able to find your work

among millions of publications adding

five to ten important keywords or

phrases to your abstract will certainly

help try to guess what people could be

looking for so that your work pops out

at the top of the search results also

keywords can determine how review

committees or editors judge your work

it's in your own interest to make that

choice obvious so that experts in the

right field will peer-review your

writing and consider you among their

rank 9 sum it up depending on the type

of your abstract it either will or won't

contain a description of your

conclusions an informative abstract

should explain what answers the research

help you find and if it supported your

original argument in any case even if

your abstract is descriptive it does

need summarizing it should explain the

general meaning and the importance of

your research

number tab editing and proofreading if

you think you can't possibly make any

mistakes in just 200 words that think

again check your abstracts several times

for grammar and spelling and don't

forget to format it the right way

another pair of eyes won't hurt either

we sometimes can't see our own mistakes

while others can spot them a mile away

also ask your friend or whoever is

proofreading for you to tell you if the

writing makes sense to them or is too

complicated or vague

if you have a chance ask your professor

or a professional in the field of your

research to do the proofreading for you

an expert opinion is definitely

important to make sure everything is all

right with your work so which of the

abstract writing tips were new to you

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