How to analyze your data and write an analysis chapter.

welcome to this week and this week what

we're talking about is your analysis

chapter because at this stage you've

collected all your data and now you need

to think about it and you present them

in their findings chapter naive to think

about what am I going to put in my

analysis chapter so I'm speaking to dr.

bernadette quinn today so thanks for

joining us bernadette and so let's start

with what's the difference between the

flying news and the analysis chapter

because sometimes people find that

difficult yeah what i mean is it is a

hard one I mean I the way I look at it

is the findings chapter is and it's very

descriptive so it's what you're found

you know how many who are they where are

they so it's very very descriptive and

all you've really put into your findings

chapter are your findings you know you

haven't really commented on it yourself

and neither have you gone back to your

literature chapter and now this is where

the analysis differs from the findings

and sorry once you move into your

analysis chapter now your job is to

interpret those findings and now you

must be really careful not to be

repeating your findings that's the

problem isn't it often is that what you

read in the analysis is the same as the

findings really try not to do that and I

suppose the key thing is what you're

trying to do here is to pull out what is


among those findings so you'll find a

chapter you've got a great mass of

update or whatever type it is but not

all of it is equally important so the

first thing you got to do is you've got

to sift through let's find you the

videos well which is important and which

is not and that's the way of doing that

yes that is the skill there yeah well

it'll come from your understanding of

the matter that you're sorting so if

you've really you know gone into your

list gone out and found something you

now are an expert Donna so you're very

knowledgeable on it and you just have to

trust yourself

trust your instinct I mean what is

important I mean in your findings I

suppose have people been saying similar

things over and over again and it's

something coming up all the time it's

something looking problem massing or or

it is something I'm really you know

grasping your attention and it also

comes down to teams doesn't is that we

have to sort of start thinking now but

exactly like what are the key issues and

also start thinking back to what you

raised in your lit chapter because a

certain extent the findings chapter

actually doesn't really bear much

relation to what you did in your little

chapter your findings is just this

massive description it and to be honest

it can be very boring yeah

and that is what you have to watch out

for as well in your analysis then as you

say you are you're going to pull out

what's important you're going to add in

your interpretation of that and then

secondly you're going to now link it

back into the list so what has it been

saying and where does your findings

connect with the link absolutely

wherever you can find connections that's

what you're going to write about because

that's what matters and it's also

important isn't it the difference is

that the findings isn't going to have

any references in it because we're not

referring back to anything whereas the

analysis is back to the thing about

trying to tie back in what you've

identified in the literature to see are

you finding the same thing or

differently so in your finest chapters

is not in there but findings nothing

else where's in the analysis chapter

there's your commentary on the findings

which is newbs you haven't done that in

the finest Junction plus there is the

reintegration out of the literature so

you'll be saying things like as Smith

2005 wrote about in his study of tourism

destinations in Dublin we see that it's

in the kind of thinking are dissimilar

things are crying it doesn't really

matter whether it's match or an off

match and I'm sorry but what matters is

that you can connect your fight back

into it yeah yeah yeah okay and the

other thing that's very important is

what isn't it that some students miss is

this to bring back into research

questions that they forget what were the

research questions that I wrote in my

methodology chapter and I've seen some

students quite successfully use the

research questions as their headings if

you like and then work on underneath

them and that means that it's much more

structured perhaps and and it provides

focus for the chapter that can work

quite well you were to ask me what makes

a good analysis chapter I mean I think

that's a key thing the structuring like

think of the reader the reader has read

through the findings and possibly that

there's been a little bit information

overall there and now they really need

you to show them what's important and

you do this by theming your analysis I

would say so you pull out the big themes

and then you use those as your section

heads and very often as you say there'll

be words in there that have come from

your research question or have come from

your objectives and and it's very

important to note that the analysis

chapter is what makes the breaks that

the dissertation or thesis I mean that's

the doc differentiates the really good

students from the not-so-good students

and it's very important students don't

leave it til the end and just sort of

write off you know five ten pages of

more or less repetition but that's the

one of the most important chapters maybe

after that it review that they pay

attention to I mean we're looking to see

is your work going to

is it going to contribute it doesn't

matter how large or how small but it

should add some new piece of of

knowledge and this is where you want to

make it in the analysis and the sort of

the so part question so far as the

purpose of the dissertation what have

you found that actually makes why did

you bother doing this because it shows

me that x y&z yeah that's true but I

think one of the key problems of people

find is you know what goes into the

findings workers into the analysis and

you know that does take an awful lot of

work but if you try and kind of stick to

the couple of basic rules that the

findings are just the pure description

what you found and then don't repeat

that then once you go into the analysis

here don't repeat you know you you

really mustn't do that reverb or the

reader sailing yes and that is hugely

important yeah and I mean there's a

reason why in our marking structure we

have different markings you know that

the analysis is what is what we're

marking not just the findings when it

gets to that point yeah you know takes a

weak skill to pull out what is important

and you know the reader is looking for

that and also takes time students need

to give themselves time to work out one

another you know you can only really do

that well if you've engaged with your

research and you really become

comfortable with what you're doing and

then it's all going to come to the fore

in your analysis chapter okay great

thanks very much so hopefully that will

gives you some helpful tips in terms of

thinking about the differences between

your findings and analysis chapter and

also the important thing to note is to

give yourself enough time to write your

analysis chapter and to engage in enough

analysis and so that you're getting a

good mark for that section of the

dissertation or thesis see you next time